Psychiatric Disorder

“Men are not prisoners of fate, but only prisoners of their own minds.”- Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

Everything only exists in the mind. Infact, whatever we think have a great influence on how we behave and that is usually the system. Everything starts with cognition, what comes next is action. However, it is normal to ask what will happen when our mind goes out of control. This can mean that our behavior will function abnormally. The mind is a very potent part of us that somehow, whatever it thinks becomes seemingly authentic for the person when actually it is not. When this happens, our entire personality is affected and could have an impact in our lives as well as affect the people around us.

Psychiatric Diseases are mental health disorder. It is a clinically significant pattern that occurs in an individual that is associated with present distress such as a painful symptom, disability, or a significantly increased risk of death, pain, disability, or an important loss of freedom. Furthermore, this pattern must not be merely an expected and culturally sanctioned response to a particular event. For example, the loss of a loved one. Some examples of mental illnesses are schizophrenia and major depressive disorder. A person is diagnosed with a psychiatric disorder when one experiences the following symptoms: confusion; erratic behavior; hearing voices; hallucinations; headaches; depression; anxiety; fatigue; weight loss; anorexia. One will be identified as having psychiatric disorder when one experiences three or more of the above symptoms.

Disorders of the mind do not show exact causes. However, a combination of biological, psychological, and environmental factors would add to the acquirement of certain mental disorders. Some biological factors consist of genetics, prenatal damage, and substance abuse. Exploitation of substance could affect the chemical balance in the brain which can lead to it’s dysfunction. And for some, psychiatric disorders are hereditary. Schizophrenia for example, had been found to be genetic. Psychological and environmental factors may include trauma. Every individual’s experiences can impact his or her well being. If there are hurting experiences that was not repaired, it might lead to a mental disorder.

Psychiatric disorders are treated with therapy- behaviors or cognitive, and medications. Antidepressants are used for individuals who have clinically depression and anxiety. Anxiolytics are used for anxiety disorders and other related disorders such as insomnia. Anxiolytics stabilizes moods for bipolar disorders and antipsychotic for psychotic disorders. Furthermore, electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used in severe cases when other interventions for depression have been unsuccessful. Creative therapies such as music, art, and drama therapy are sometimes used. Also, in line with the cognitive-behavioral treatment, lifestyle adjustments and supportive measures are used such as support groups.

Some disorders are transient and some may last a lifetime. In some way, the medication is just there to lessen the symptoms allowing the patient to live a seemingly normal life. A few disorders may be very inadequate in their functional effects, while others may engage substantial disability and support needs.

People in all walks of life could be afflicted with a psychiatric disorder. Based on varying personalities, an individual could possibly build up a mental disorder depending on how he/she react to stimulus around his or her environment such as stressful events in one’s life. For example, a loss of a loved one is a traumatic yet natural phase in a person’s life. Everyone in this lifetime will really experience loss. Grieving, getting angry, and feeling pain are natural reactions to loss. But everything has its limits. Thus, the negative feeling soon subsides and is replaced with hope and strength so as the person tries to recover from the loss. On the other hand, when one’s negative emotion such as sadness does not subside, the diagnosis is different. When an emotion goes ahead to the dysfunction of the life of an individual, the individual is sure to need professional help. We can say that this individual has acquired a mental disorder due to not recovering from the loss.

We are indeed prisoners of our own minds. As they say happiness is a state of mind; then so is sadness and all other emotions and cognitions that may lead us to losing our sanity.




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