Drugs are made to provide the human body health benefits. In such a way, doctors prescribe these drugs and patients take these drugs to alleviate their pain and make their conditions better. These drugs do not however provide only benefits. These drugs can help an addict in the detoxification and withdrawal process but these may also in turn become another substance of abuse in the long run. Drugs like these should be prescribed with close and careful guidance by the physician.
Methadone is a synthetic opioid used as an analgesic to treat patients suffering in severe pain and a maintenance anti-addictive. It is a severely well-tested medication that is safe and efficacious for the treatment of narcotic withdrawal and dependence. Heroin releases an excess of dopamine in the body and causes users to need an opiate continuously occupying the opioid receptor in the brain. Methadone occupies this receptor and is the stabilizing factor that makes addicts on methadone to modify their behavior and to stop using heroin. Methadone suppresses narcotic withdrawal for about 24 to 36 hours. However, it is only effective in cases of addiction to heroin, morphine, and other opioid drugs. Methadone stops the high from heroin but it does not give the euphoric rush.
Through the test of time, methadone has been successful in reducing crime, death, disease, and drug use. This substance is known to be the most effective treatment for heroin addiction. It also prevents HIV/AIDS. It may be trivial, but methadone maintenance treatment the occurrence of injecting and needle sharing. Moreover, methadone treatment reduces illegal behavior and almost eliminates heroin use.
But, just like any other opioid drugs, extensive use of methadone and without correct guidance could possibly lead to tolerance and eventually cause drug dependency. Researches suggest that long time use of methadone for treatment is medically safe provided that it is taken under the approval of a physician.
The onset of methadone treatment programs is known to be fatal because they are commonly a reason of excessive doses (i.e. erroneously estimated tolerance) and they are affected by concomitant diseases (hepatitis, pneumonia). This substance commonly entails the complete spectrum of opioid side effectswhich includes the development of tolerance and physical and psychological dependence. Respiratory depressions are quite harmful. The released histamines can cause bronchospasms.
Methadone dependency occurs when the body tolerates the drug thus, asking for higher dosage in the long run. And, once the habit is stopped, withdrawal can happen. The physical changes brought by the drug are the same to other opiates; suppressed cough reflex, contracted pupils, drowsiness and constipation. Some methadone users experience sickness when they first use the drug. If you are a woman using methadone you may not have regular periods – but you are still able to conceive. Methadone is a long-acting opioid; it has an effect for up to 36 hours and can remain in your body for several days.
Is methadone more likely to kill you than heroin? Experts believe that methadone will never be an innocent substance. One’s methadone maintenance is another’s poison. Actually, it depends chiefly on the lenience of the person. A tolerant person could take in methadone without feeling any ill effects, but not a non-tolerant person. Moreover, as a precaution, it is wise to start with low dosage and gradually increasing it, if the need to use methadone really arise. Also, it was stated in the article that methadone has been used illegally in the streets as a substitute for heroin. Thus, causing more death than heroin.
The methadone substance is used to correspond to addiction but tolerance can occur which can lead to one’s dependency upon the substance. There is irony in this substance. You think it’s safe but you suddenly becoming dependent to it.