In current society, there is quite an alarm due to the rising of many mental illnesses and disorders. It smoothed and used the intelligence of psychologists and mind specialists to discover on how to treat such illnesses and disorders. These treatments can be in numerous ways such as by method of biological treatments, by way of psychological therapies and by way of approaching the illness or the disorder socially.
The using of prescription drugs from a physician or specialist is the way of biological treatment. There are anti-psychotic medications that one’s made up perceptual experiences, unreal way of thinking, and other symptoms of psychosis could be lessened. Examples of these anti-psychotic drugs are Thorazine, Haldol, and Clozaril. The symptoms of depression can be reduced by the use of antidepressant drugs. Examples of these antidepressant drugs are Parnate, Elavil, and Prozac. Lithium is also part of these biological treatments. Lithium works by blocking calcium channel that causes mania. It is also an anti- convulsant. Examples of lithium are Lithobid and Cibalith-S. Also part of biological treatments is barbiturates and benzodiazepines that work by lessening anxiety. Example of a barbiturate is a Nembutal and example of a benzodiazepine is Valium. Electroconvulsive therapies and psychosurgery is also part of these biological treatments but use only in strict and very rare situations.
Treating illnesses and disorders by psychological therapies focuses on determining and solving conflicts that happens to be unconscious. behavior therapies, Cognitive therapies, and humanistic therapies are the things included in every psychological therapies. Behavior therapies function by way of influencing the maladaptive behaviors of people. Cognitive therapies work by way of testing and attempt to change the maladaptive ways of how people think while humanistic therapies tries to aid people in finding out their greatest potential and healing themselves in the process.
Behavior therapies are founded on the patient’s behavioral assessment. How these behaviors come about is the chief work of behavioral assessment. Upon knowing these attitudes and behaviors, the therapist devises methods and techniques in quenching out the unwanted behaviors and in learning desirable ones.
Cognitive therapies have three main goals. First, identify the irrational and maladaptive ways of thinking of the individual. Second, teach individuals to reflect on other alternative ways of thinking. Third, getting the individual to face his or her worst fears and identify ways on coping up.
Humanistic therapies are mostly referred to as person-centered therapy. This is done through discovering the self and discovering one’s potentialities and place in the world. There is only one way for an individual and that is to grow. This is one of the most powerful assumptions of this therapy.
Social approach is another way of solving the problems of mental illnesses and disorders. This way of approaching illnesses and disorders attempts viewing a person as part of very large systems of relationship. The person is influenced by the culture he belongs and its social forces. In this kind of therapy, it is believed that this large system must be addressed in order to recover. The social way of approaching as a treatment is made by numerous factors. Interpersonal therapy is one factor in social approach. Interpersonal therapy tries to investigate
what has contributed to the person’s depression. It nails down as to who are the key persons concerned in the recent stress and what are the current disputes and disappointments. It helps evaluates whether the person is learning how to get by with the problem and in looking what are the patients assets. Also part of this social approach is the Family Systems Therapy. Family System Therapy believes that the individuals’ problem rises from an interpersonal system particularly the family system. This therapy challenges and disrupts the current dysfunctional dynamics that the family has in order to help the individual with the disorder recover. Group therapy is also included in this approach. Group therapy functions by having a number of individual who has illnesses and disorders to speak about their experiences and in the process starts healing.
Biological treatments, psychological therapies, and the social approach in trying to treat illnesses and disorders are the holistic options one can avail to when he or she is diagnosed of having disorders. Holistic options are said to be the most effective treatment since it covers everything. On the other hand, one can also avail of a specialty treatment dependent upon what it is that really cause the disorder. Most centers have specialty treatments to help the individual recover. One does not have to suffer long for any kind of disorder. There is always help available .
Holistic Options and specialty treatments are provided in order to help suffering individuals’ recover.