Cocaine Addiction as Part of Dual Diagnosis

Ever since, the problem of cocaine addiction has always been present. It can affect every level of the society. It can be a main variable to wrecked one’s family. One should be wary. This kind of addiction normally starts from simple things leading to big and complicated problems.

The coca plant is where cocaine has originated. One can use cocaine in many different ways. It can be snorted for its effects to be felt faster. It can also be injected to the body by letting it melt first in the water. The use of cocaine gives off feelings of euphoria. People keep on using this kind of substance for repetition of this kind of experience.

One can only say a person is cocaine addicted when he or she shows certain indications. These signs can be seen via intoxication symptoms and withdrawal symptoms. Examples of withdrawal symptoms are dysphoric kinds of disposition, extremely low level of energy, horrid kind of dreams, too much or oversleeping, eating too much, and a very high level of anxiety. On the other hand, convulsions, pains in the upper body, difficulty of breathing, muscles turning very delicate, weight loss, and behavioral changes are examples of intoxication symptoms.

The very apparent change in behavior is the thing that is most noticed when one gets tangled to an addictive substance. These behavioral changes can include the following: sociability changes, hypervigilance, super sensitivity, too much anxiety, and easiness to get angry. As a way to describe these symptoms in a few words, it’s really a damaged way of thinking.

Mental illness can always be a result once the behavioral changes of using drugs starts to happen. There is a term called dual diagnosis which refers to the co-occurance of substance addiction and mental illness. The causality theory of dual diagnosis explain that there are certain types of substances that can lead to a mental disorder. This due to the fact of the effects the substance brings. Example of this is the substance cocaine.

This co-occurrence of a substance abuse problem and mental illness leads to the problem of how to treat an individual suffering this kind of situation. When one has substance abuse dilemmas, he or she is most of the time advised to be put in a center to recover. There are also recovery centers available that caters to the special needs of individuals with mental illness. However, there are actually no centers that specialize in the treatment of a co-occurrence of a mental disorder and a substance abuse problem. Professionals in treating substance abuse problems have little or no idea in treating a person with mental disorder and vice versa.

Dual diagnosis is quite new in the field of psychology that treatment for this situation only exists by standards. The way to treat dual diagnosis is by joining together the treatment for the problems of substance abuse and mental illness. The kind of treatment should not be taken apart from each other but like the disease, should co-exist.

Most times, dual diagnosis is hard to treat because symptoms of cocaine addiction and a mental illness tend to overlap each other. The problem of denial can also come in. In most cases, a cocaine addict would not acknowledge that he or she is into drugs. The specialist would then assume that the individual only has a mental illness when in fact, the mental illness is due to his or her use of the drugs. The wanting of help should first start with the acceptance of substance abuse. The denial problem would be solved which makes the way to recovery to be on the way.

Dual diagnosis is the occurrence of cocaine addiction that can result to having a mental illness.

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